Alopecia areata is described as completely bald spots of the scalp. Hair round the bald areas are of small diameter near the root and of bigger at the edge of the shaft.
Hair loss tends to be rapid in alopecia areata. In some cases, hair loss appears progressively at irregular intervals. Alopecia areata can affect both males and females, and even children. There’s a 1% possibility for someone to be affected by Alopecia Areata. Approximately 25% of alopecia areata cases are due to heredity.
Almost 20% of alopecia areata cases reappear or even end up with permanent alopecia.
Factors of great importance for the beginning and progress of alopecia areata can be of the following kind:
- a) Genetic
- b) Psychological
- c) Immunological
In some cases, no treatment is needed for alopecia areata and hair grows back quite soon (although white in some rare cases).
Treatment of alopecia areata can be topical or systematic. Alopecia Areata is usually dermatologically treated. The effectiveness of each therapy depends on the pattern, extent and periodicity of the phenomenon.
Hair transplantation could be implemented in specific cases